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Country Name AFGHANISTAN
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2

2019

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Country Name BANGLADESH
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  2020

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20 (Advanced)

1 (Intermediate)

4 (Basic) 

1993

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8 (Advanced) 

1 (Intermediate) 

9 (Basic) 

 2010

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16 (Advanced)

1 (Basic)

 1998

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6 (Advanced)

1 (Basic)

  2010

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12 (Advanced)

13 (Basic)

2006

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Country Name SAUDI ARABIA
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31 (Advanced)

3 (Basic)

 1989

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1 (Advanced)

1 (Intermediate)

4 (Basic)

  2017

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3 (Intermediate)

1 (Basic)

  2017

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5 (Advanced)

14 (Basic)

  2011

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Research

Our published articles in regional and international journals on various areas of public health research.

An outbreak of hepatitis E in a Rural Area of Islamabad, Pakistan in April-May 2019: a teaching case-study

  • Date of Publication: August 06, 2020
  • Category: Case-studies
  • Name of Journal: The Pan African Medical Journal
  • Authors: Nosheen Ashraf, Wasif Malik, Mumtaz Ali Khan, Jamil A. Ansari, Aamer Ikram
  • Abstract: Hepatitis E is an acute viral infection caused by the Hepatitis E virus (HEV). An estimated 20 million HEV infections occurred worldwide and 3.3 million became symptomatic. The transmission route of the virus is fecal-oral via water contamination. This disease is prevalent in low- and middle-income countries with no proper sanitation system, water supply, and hygiene and health services. Sporadic cases of Hepatitis E occur throughout the year in Pakistan. Pakistan is a highly endemic area for Hepatitis E and small epidemics occur in...

Evaluation of influenza sentinel surveillance system, Saudi Arabia, 2017-2018: a teaching case-study

  • Date of Publication: August 06, 2020
  • Category: Case-studies
  • Name of Journal: The Pan African Medical Journal
  • Authors: Mohamed Nageeb Abdalla, Muhannad Almalki, Sami S. Almudarra
  • Abstract: Influenza is a disease of global importance and concern. The World Health Organization (WHO) Global Influenza Strategy for 2019-2030 categorizes influenza as a global threat, where national prevention and control programs play a substantial role in achieving the strategy´s goals. Strengthening Influenza surveillance activities is a core function of control and preparedness for future pandemics. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is very much concerned with such epidemic-prone diseases, given the annual gathering of Muslims from all over the...

Investigation of a haemorrhagic disease with unknown origin in Kyrandia, 2005: a teaching case-study

  • Date of Publication: August 05, 2020
  • Category: Case-studies
  • Name of Journal: The Pan African Medical Journal
  • Authors: Nassma Mohy Eldeen Altayeb, Andrey Kuznetsov, Wessam Mankoula, Erasmus Gidimadjor, Mageda Kihulya, Barbara Buerkin, Dina Ramadan Lithy
  • Abstract: A number of diseases are classified as haemorrhagic disease and differences between them relate to etiologic factors, being infectious or non-infectious, geographic distribution, incidence, reservoir, transmission method, and clinical symptoms. In Kyrandia, cases of a human haemorrhagic disease have been reported since 1940, yet recently, the reported cases have been increasing in number due to several factors. In October 2005, the Ministry of Health (MOH) reported fatal laboratory-confirmed cases in the State of Shanta in Kyrandia, where...

A novel coronavirus outbreak: a teaching case-study

  • Date of Publication: August 05, 2020
  • Category: Case-studies
  • Name of Journal: The Pan African Medical Journal
  • Authors: Haitham Bashier, Yousef Khader, Ruba Al-Souri, Ilham Abu-Khader
  • Abstract: Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei, China, and has resulted in an ongoing pandemic. Common symptoms include fever, cough, fatigue, shortness of breath, and loss of...

Real-time surveillance of infectious diseases and other health conditions during Iraq´s Arbaeenia mass gathering: a teaching case-study

  • Date of Publication: August 04, 2020
  • Category: Case-studies
  • Name of Journal: The Pan African Medical Journal
  • Authors: Abdul Wahhab Mohammed Kamil Jawad
  • Abstract: Mass gatherings (MGs) are public events attended by many people and held for many reasons. Mass gatherings can exert a strain on local resources like food, drinks, and accommodations, and can add burden to host countries and to travelers´ countries of origin. The most common religious mass gatherings in the Middle East are the Hajj at Mecca in Saudi Arabia and the Arbaeenia in Karbala in Iraq. The growing number of individuals who attend the annual Arbaeenia mass gathering can lead to increased risk of transmission and importing of...

Investigation and control of measles outbreak in Puli-Khumri and Baghlan-Markazi Districts, Baghlan province, Afghanistan: a teaching case-study

  • Date of Publication: August 04, 2020
  • Category: Case-studies
  • Name of Journal: The Pan African Medical Journal
  • Authors: Khwaja Mir Islam Saeed, Nooria Atta, Tawfiqulhakim Nazri
  • Abstract: Measles is a highly contagious viral disease that remains a significant cause of death among young children globally despite the availability of a safe and effective vaccine. Measles is transmitted via droplets from the nose, mouth, or throat of infected persons, and initial symptoms include a high fever, runny nose, bloodshot eyes, and tiny white spots on the inside of the mouth. Several days later, a rash develops, starting on the face and upper neck and gradually spreading downwards. Routine measles vaccination for children, combined...